Want to get into cybersecurity? here’s how

Do you love solving puzzles, love learning new things and hate doing the same thing day after day? If you answered yes to the questions above, you really should consider a career in cybersecurity.

However, cybersecurity is a very broad term. We often hear it in conversation or subtly mentioned in blog posts online, but what exactly does it mean? In a nutshell, it means defending computers, servers, data, systems, and networks against various types of cyberattacks.

It is an exciting and growing industry. Every year, organizations around the world spend billions to protect their systems from cybercriminals. In fact, according to a study by Gartner, it is estimated that total spending on information security and risk management will exceed $172 billion in 2022.

But while this industry is thriving, there is a huge problem growing behind the scenes, a lack of available and qualified talent. According to the latest report from the Non-Profit Cybersecurity Networks (ISC)2, across Europe there is a cybersecurity skills shortage estimated at over 199,000 professionals.

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What are the different areas you can get into?

The options are truly endless when it comes to cybersecurity. But for the purposes of this article, we decided to focus on the two key categories that most careers fall into.

Security and risk management:

Security and risk management is basically the process of identifying and analyzing an organization’s cybersecurity threats. Depending on the organization, the team will then determine how to respond to these risks.

Of course, different organizations will have different infrastructure and therefore different risks. Financial and healthcare companies, for example, may also have compliance issues in addition to business issues.

Key jobs in this field (plus their average salaries according to the Indeed Salary Calculator):

Risk and compliance investigator €40,736

These professionals work with management and team members to manage regulatory risks and ensure that the organization is following the correct protocol.

Penetration tester €52,636

A penetration tester, or pentester for short, is responsible for finding security issues within a company’s computer system. They are sometimes called ethical hackers.

Information Security Specialist €73,719

Information systems specialists select, implement, monitor and upgrade virus and malware protection systems.

Cybersecurity analyst €75,600

An analyst’s primary responsibility is to understand a company’s IT infrastructure and monitor potential threats and vulnerabilities.

Security architecture:

On the other side of the coin, you have security architecture, the term used to define the system that protects an organization’s IT infrastructure. To prevent malicious attacks from happening in the first place, cybersecurity professionals need to create a strong security architecture that includes things like firewalls, private networks, and more.

Key jobs in this field (plus their average salaries according to the Indeed Salary Calculator):

Network Security Engineer €57,443

IT professionals in this role identify existing problems and create safeguards to prevent future threats.

Security architect €73,719

Security architects build computer systems that meet strict security requirements. The main tasks include security, planning and testing.

Cloud Security Engineer €73,608

Cloud security engineers are responsible for designing, implementing, and monitoring security measures to protect organizations.

Cryptographer €88,614

Cryptography is one of the most exciting roles in cybersecurity. They use algorithms to encrypt sensitive data and protect organizations and customers.

Necessary experience

Generally, the cybersecurity career path can be broken down into three key stages: entry-level, mid-level, and senior-level.

Entry-level positions are often listed as analyst positions, mid-level positions are architect positions, and higher-level positions are engineer positions.

Cybersecurity is constantly evolving as technology advances. For example, you could now work on things like car hacking or even 5G security issues. Twenty years ago, these issues weren’t even on the radar.

Because the industry is growing at such a rapid pace, your career can easily accelerate, regardless of your educational background.

For example, many entry-level cybersecurity jobs do not require a bachelor’s degree in cybersecurity or even a related field.

However, more advanced jobs will require at least a bachelor’s or master’s degree in some cases. Three key traits that all cybersecurity professionals need are curiosity, analytical skills, and a passion to learn.

Top Employers

According to the European Union Agency for Cybersecurity (Enisa), the top five sectors affected by cybersecurity threats are public administration/government, digital service providers, general public, healthcare/medical and finance/banking. Therefore, job opportunities for professionals are very varied.

Here we take a look at the top five companies you should watch out for in the future.


The McAfee name is synonymous with cybersecurity. Based in California, the company develops digital security tools for personal computers, mobiles and servers.


According to an article published on Forbes, Microsoft is one of the highest rated cybersecurity employers. We’re all familiar with Microsoft’s suite of products, from Word to Teams, but they also offer an impressive array of security and identity services.


International Business Machines (IBM) Corporations is a well-known multinational corporation that specializes in cloud computing, artificial intelligence, and other advanced technologies. They score above average in employee happiness and flexibility.


Based in San Jose, but with nearly 300 offices worldwide, Cisco Systems is an IT and networking brand specializing in switches, routers, cybersecurity and IoT.


We cannot talk about cybersecurity without mentioning Oracle. Oracle is another technology company known for its software products and services like Java. They are currently hiring for over 5000 positions!

Check out the House of Talent job board to find current cybersecurity jobs at these companies and more.

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