Myanmar military committed genocide against Rohingya, US says

Noting the possible guilt of Ms. Aung San Suu Kyi, Mr. Ba added: “We must, however, be careful not to attribute these crimes solely to the Myanmar military junta.

Mr Blinken said the Biden administration would continue to provide humanitarian aid to Rohingya refugees, the majority of whom fled to neighboring Bangladesh, and would send $1 million to a UN fact-finding mission that is collecting evidence on the worst cases of atrocities in Myanmar since. 2011.

US investigators conducted their own investigation into the violence, interviewing more than 1,000 refugees who reported widespread and systematic attacks. More than half of Rohingyas surveyed had witnessed sexual assaults and three-quarters said they had seen killings at the hands of the military. One in five Rohingya respondents witnessed a mass casualty event, in which more than 100 people were killed or injured, Blinken said, citing the report.

“The evidence also points to a clear intent behind these mass atrocities – the intent to destroy the Rohingya,” Blinken said.

The State Department did not declare the atrocities in Myanmar to be genocide when it released the findings in 2018, in part to maintain an alliance with the government and keep neighboring China off balance in the region. More than two years later, at the end of the Trump administration, Secretary of State Mike Pompeo declared the systemic abuses and detention of Uyghur Muslims in the Xinjiang region of China as an act of genocide.

The Biden administration has also resisted declaring atrocities in Ethiopia’s northern Tigray province a genocide, though Mr Blinken has warned of cases of ethnic cleansing against civilians there. -low. And just last week, Mr Blinken said he believed war crimes had been committed by Russian forces during their invasion of Ukraine, but said investigators still had no concluded this officially.

Yet Mr. Blinken mentioned the two conflicts on Monday. Shortly after his speech, the State Department also announced that it had named Sudan’s Central Reserve Police as human rights violators after accusations of rape, torture and other abuses were brought against him. pro-democracy protesters surfaced from late last year, including as recently as last week.

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